Nutrition and HIV: Disease Management with Lifestyle Intervention

If you have been diagnosed with HIV-positive, you need to focus more on your diet than on what you should eat and what you should avoid. Some people experience weight loss, diarrhea, or some other changes. It is obvious that your doctor will change the medicines and all the nutrition requirements.

You can check hiv test price in pakistan online. One of the most common changes in the body is the fat distribution syndrome which can lead to cholesterol changes and shape changes.

Eating a well-balanced diet can help to improve your overall diet. In this article, you will learn what you should learn about nutrition and HIV/AIDS.

What is the link between nutrition and HIV/AIDS?

Healthy nutrition can help to live a healthy life and reduce the symptoms of HIV/AIDS. There are some healthy nutrients that you need to get as they help in the following ways:

  • Promote in management of HIV symptoms and complications
  • Boost the quality of life with the nutrients
  • Produce more effective results from medicines
  • Strengthen the immune system and boost the ability to fight off diseases

Let’s learn more about the proteins and calories, etc. you need:

How many calories do you need?

Your body needs proper nutrients and energy like calories which allow your body to do well. You can consume around 25 calories if you aim to lose some weight. Experts say that you need 17 calories if you want to maintain your weight.

Consume calories of around 20 if you have any infection like opportunistic.

What carbohydrates should you eat?

Your body needs energy which you can get through carbohydrates. Fruits and veggies are the highest carbohydrates sources that you need. All you need is to have three cups of colorful veggies and fruits.

Make sure that you add different colors of fruits and veggies to get more nutrients. People with no gluten sensitivity should try barley, oats, and brown rice. You can also eat quinoa, potatoes, etc.

People with diabetes or prediabetes should eat veggies and fruits to get more carbohydrates.

Make sure that you limit the intake of the ice cream, candy, cake, calories, etc.

How much fat is good?

Fats offer extra energy. You can get calories from fat by 30%.

Vitamins and minerals help to regulate your body’s functions. People with HIV should get essential nutrients like minerals and vitamins. They play an important role in repairing and healing damaged cells.

You can take vitamin C through citrus fruits. Poultry, fish, peanuts, beans, and meat are great sources of zinc. You can consume orange, red vegetables, whole eggs, milk, dark green, yellow, and whole eggs to get vitamin A and beta-carotene.

B vitamins are also good for people with HIV which you can get through chicken, avocadoes, broccoli, white beans, grains, fish, meat, etc.

Selenium like fish, eggs, peanut butter, nuts, poultry, etc. is also good for people with HIV.

HIV-related Complications 

It is crucial to understand that your body may experience some other problems due to changes in the body. You may experience some common problems, let’s explore how to deal with them.


  • People with HIV should eat slowly
  • Avoid such food with greasy content
  • Limit the milk intake and caffeinated drinks
  • Try to drink more fluids
  • Take calcium carbonate supplements or fiber supplements
  • Eat the B.R.A.T diet until you feel better
  • Try to eat well-cooked veggies but not fresh

Weight loss

You need to add more protein, fats, and carbohydrates to your diet. The other option you need is to eat dried fruits and nuts for snacks. Taking supplements of nutrition such as carnation instant breakfast, ensure and boost. You can also ask for medications from the doctor.

Mouth swelling 

You should avoid eating acidic foods which can increase the mouth swelling, such as tomatoes, lemons, and oranges. You need to eat soft foods, such as mashed potatoes. You also need to eat some softer fruits, such as pears and bananas.

Nausea and vomiting 

You need to try plain pasta and plain broth. Other foods like cold foods are also good. You can also drink ginger tea and ginger ale. Rest between meals as it helps. But you should avoid lying flat as it can cause more complications. Nausea and vomiting can be reduced by taking advice from the doctor.


You should limit the refined sugars and fat including both trans. Fats. The other way to prevent insulin resistance is by limiting foods like insulin levels. The best medical specialist in Rawalpindi says that you should also exercise and eat more fiber. You should eat whole grains, veggies, and fruits.

Final thought 

If you are diagnosed with HIV, you should ask your doctor and get the medicines on time. Make sure that you also get all the nutrients that can increase the effectiveness of the medicines and improve your overall health.

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